- Translation of «gamut» into 25 languages
- Meaning of "gamut" in the Malay dictionary
- ISBN 13: 9780387128252
- GAMUT - Definition and synonyms of gamut in the Malay dictionary
The chest x-ray is normal. The lumbar vertebrae are short with wide intervertebral disc spacing Figure 5. There is a combined supracondylar and olecranon fracture of the left elbow. All x-rays were discussed with radiologist. His hemoglobin is Serial follow-ups revealed that the fracture has united at the normally expected time. The elbow range of motion is reasonably good. Two similar cases have been seen in the department over the last 10 years but none was epileptic. Discussion Causes of strikingly short stature are too many over forms of skeletal dysplasias and diagnosis of the specific syndrome, with out the help of a molecular genetic labs is at times difficult 2.
Yet, combined clinical knowledge, systematic algorism approach, simple blood tests and imaging may lead to reasonable differential diagnosis 3,4,5,6. Of all causes of dwarfism, the only two diseases that are associated with a generalized increase in density of bone are osteopetrosis and Pycnodysostosis.
Translation of «gamut» into 25 languages
Patients with osteopetrosis display macrocephaly, progressive deafness and blindness, hepatoplenomegaly, tetany, and severe anemia beginning in early infancy or in fetal life. Deafness and blindness are generally thought to represent effects of pressure on nerves. The anemia is caused by encroachment of bone on marrow, resulting in obliteration, and the hepatoplenomegaly is caused by compensatory extramedullary hematopoiesis.
Anemia is a rule in long-standing osteopetrosis but very rarely presents with Pycnodysostosis 1,7. With any of these findings lacking in our patient and working out through dysplasia algorisms in textbooks, we can confidently diagnose him as a case of Pycnodysostosis-clinically. Biopsy is not essential. Pycnodysostosis also called Toulouse-Lautrec syndrome is perhaps best known as the diagnosis given retrospectively to the late 19th century French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec portrayed by Jose Ferrer in the film "Moulin Rouge" 9.
The unresorbed mineral matrix makes the bone dense but brittle as chalk —causing recurrent fractures easily; hence such patients should avoid combative sports Pycnodysostosis with epilepsy is rare and has been reported as a syndrome known as Gurrieri syndrome. This is characterized by a combination of epilepsy, short stature and skeletal abnormalities 11,12, Our patient has been seen in the epilepsy clinic at QECH since childhood.
He takes regular phenobarbitone and phenytoin occasionally. The challenges in operative fracture treatment of these patients are twofold. There may be difficulties with intubation due to the small mandible, dental problems and high arched grooved palate. There maybe difficulty in drilling the bone or inserting K wires due to the dense bone. Otherwise, the healing of the fractures is uneventful and will proceed like a normal bone.
Meaning of "gamut" in the Malay dictionary
Conclusion This is probably the first African report of an extremely rare case of Pycnodysostosis with Epilepsy involving an adult male black African. The report reminds us once again of the existence of this rather rare disease entity Africans.
The general objective of this report is to create awareness of the existence of other causes of strikingly short stature other than Achondroplasia, especially when they display recessive inheritance. It also encourages the clinician to systematically approach a complex group of diseases and reach to a reasonable differential diagnosis based on limited, simple, basic investigations Skeletal Dysplasias: An Approach to Diagnosis.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. Taybi , R. Feyzullah, A.
Dana Luciano, The essentials of each of these treatments are discussed in the following sections: The Nine Gamut Fred P. Gallo, Gamut [online].
Malay words that begin with g. Malay words that begin with ga. Malay words that begin with gam. Load a random word. Discover all that is hidden in the words on. Apart from the numerous additions and modifications consequent on the substantial expansion of knowledge in this field, the authors have further improved the value of this text with the excellent chapter, as men tioned in their preface, on general aspects of the problem.
The advances referred to in this chapter, particularly molecular genetics and database access, have transformed the diagnosis of skeletal dysplasias.
ISBN 13: 9780387128252
However, this basic text remains an essential starting point for anyone confronted with an unfamiliar condition. Among the references listed on page xix, Dr Kozlowski's paper 'The radiographic clues in the diagnosis of bone dysplasias', Pediatric Radiology ; , is still essential reading.
John Masel Preface to the First Edition The skeleton is involved to a significant extent in more than genetic and congenital syndromes and although the majority of these are individually rare, collectively they are not uncommon. Diagnostic precision, which is crucial for accurate prognostication and effective management, is frequently dependent upon recognition of radiological stigmata.
For this reason the radiologist plays a key role in the appraisal and investigation of persons with disorders of this type.
GAMUT - Definition and synonyms of gamut in the Malay dictionary
With these points in mind we have written this handbook for use in the radiographic reporting room. We have endeavored to provide the essential information which will facilitate radiodiagnosis and have striven for clarity and accuracy. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published February 19th by Springer first published February More Details Original Title. Other Editions 3. Friend Reviews.